Document générique
The future of vocational education and training in Europe: volume 2
Date de publication: 22 août 2022
Source: Organisations internationales-European Center for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)

This study examines the way in which institutional arrangements for the delivery of IVET have changed in response to shifts in skills demand.

Although these arrangements vary across countries, it is possible to identify common trends over time, such as institutional hybridisation, the blurring of boundaries between IVET and general education. Despite this development, IVET has been able to retain a distinct identity, which is attractive to learners and has the support of key labour market actors. This reflects IVET’s adaptability and resilience in the face of change.

Building on a Europe-wide survey of VET providers and in-depth national case studies, the study delivers a timely update of, and insight into, the continually changing IVET landscape. Results show increasing similarities in how countries configure their IVET systems. This is evident in the broadening of IVET curricula, the prominence given to the work-based learning pathway, as well as the growing importance attached to local and regional autonomy.

Skills for green jobs: 2018 update
Date de publication: 02 mai 2019
Source: Autres sources
This report provides an update on the state of play regarding ‘green skills’ and ‘green jobs’ in six EU countries (Denmark, Germany, Spain, Estonia, France and the UK). It examines the major changes in green jobs and employment since 2010, and analyses the regulations and policies supporting green skills and employment, including the surrounding institutional set-up and the role played by social partners. It also highlights good practices, including green skill anticipation mechanisms, relevant vocational education and training and higher education, active labour market policies and retraining measures, and the role of the private sector.
Getting skills right: Good practice in adapting to changing skill needs
Date de publication: 07 déc. 2017
Source: Organisations internationales
This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed. Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.
Blog: Connecting blue skills and dual training programmes through youth guarantee system
Date: 18 oct. 2021
Source: Autres sources-SOIB
Blue Economy Skills and the Youth Guarantee System

The Blue Economy has been changing over the last decade at a faster pace, adding new goods and services from sectors like coastal tourism, shipbuilding, aquaculture, marine biotechnology, ocean energy and seabed mining. These transformations are creating more jobs as well as changing the skills profile of existing jobs. This has deep implications for skills development systems to train more youth for the Blue Economy as well as upgrade the skills of existing workers to adapt to new market demands. The challenge requires a comprehensive strategy involving employment services as well as cooperation from all stakeholders including industry, unions, workers, public sector and education systems.

Youth in particular face skills mismatch due to the lack of work experience and relevant skills. In order to address this challenge EU countries have developed a Youth Guarantee System which is a commitment to ensure that all young people receive a good quality training, particularly apprenticeship or traineeship after leaving formal education or within a period of four months after becoming unemployed.