South Africa

Publication
Rapid Assessment of Skilling and Reskilling needs arising from the effects of COVID-19
Publication Date: 26 Sep 2021
Source: ILO, Other sources-African Union, NEPAD Agency
This rapid skills survey report presents the findings for the rapid assessment and provides practical and actionable recommendations that can help limit the career-scarring effects of the pandemic on workers through provision of skilling and reskilling, measures. The report also provides skills related actionable recommendations for the economic recovery of the companies in the subsectors that were assessed.
The report focuses on the clothing and textiles and e-commerce sectors (online retail, banking, and insurance), which were identified as sectors that have either been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic or are experiencing a spike in demand for specific occupations and top-up skills. Acknowledging the devastating impact
the COVID-19 pandemic has had on youth and women, rapid assessment put a special focus on the training, reskilling, and upskilling, since they are vulnerable to labour market downturns. The report is concise, short, and to-the-point, and provides a clear analysis and recommends prioritization of actions for rapid implementation,
a move from the normal by delivering skills development differently in response to the current labour market needs, and repurposing existing programmes. The recommendations are concrete but aimed at making a big difference at a minimal cost.
Document
A review of skills levy systems in countries of the Southern African Development Community
Publication Date: 14 Aug 2020
Source: ILO
The report includes an international literature review of levy systems globally to inform the country research which involved secondary data analysis, an online survey, and in-depth interviews with key stakeholders in the eight countries involved. The research drew on the views of representatives from government, the organizations managing the training funds, workers’ organizations and employers’ organizations. The report makes high level recommendations on levy based training funds in general as well as for the eight national training funds reviewed which are documented through country briefs in Part B of this report.

The report was developed through a partnership between the ILO Skills & Employability Branch and the ILO Decent Work Team for Eastern and Southern Africa.
Document
A review of methodologies for measuring the costs and benefits of in-company apprenticeship training
Publication Date: 28 Oct 2019
Source: ILO, Other sources
Understanding the costs and benefits of apprenticeship training, as well as its outcomes, is an important factor for enterprises to make decisions relating to the skills development of current and future employees. Existing studies on this topic paint a mixed picture, some reveal net benefits to employers and others net costs. Apart from observed variances in apprenticeship systems and practices across countries, a proper international comparison of cost-benefit analysis is hampered by differences in research methods. This report reviews research methods and findings of major existing studies with the aim of helping advance discussions on research methods, and suggests areas where knowledge gaps exist.
Document
Understanding the non-marketable benefits of apprenticeships in South African enterprises
Publication Date: 28 Oct 2019
Source: ILO
This report details findings of research on the non-financial or non-marketable returns from apprenticeship training amongst a small sample of South African firms. The report describes the South African apprenticeship system, considers the literature on non-financial returns from apprenticeships and presents the research based on interviews and a survey involving 48 enterprises. The research found there was strong evidence of improved staff retention as a key benefit of apprenticeships to firms and that apprenticeships provide a future talent pipeline of skilled staff. The research found that apprenticeship programmes are seen as a way to reduce the risk associated with employing new staff. There was also some evidence of firms seeing an improved public image as a key benefit along with some evidence of an improved work climate and improved innovation as key benefits of apprenticeships.