Skills shortages and labour migration in the field of information and communication technology in Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand
Publication Date: 02 Oct 2020
Source: ILO
Digitalization is a key driver of change. As information and communication technology (ICT) continues to advance and digital technologies are further integrated into sectors across our economies, the skills that are needed the most also continue to change and are increasingly in demand. To better understand the implications for the world of work, the ILO’s ‘Future of Work in Information and Communication Technology (ICT)’ project has for the past two-and-a-half years conducted in-depth research on anticipated needs for skilled ICT workers and formulating strategies to address labour shortages, including the scaling up of investments in ICT education and training, and better governed international labour migration.

This report, the last of a series of three reports, summarizes the project’s findings, which were formulated on the basis of research conducted in Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand. It provides an overview of: (a) trends in the ICT sector, ICT labour markets and the migration of ICT workers; (b) the potential demand for skilled workers and current and anticipated skills mismatches in the digital economy; and (c) strategies for improving ICT education and training. Furthermore, it summarizes the key research findings and outlines possible policy responses that could be adopted with a view to scaling up current initiatives to advance decent work opportunities in the digital economy.
Skills for green jobs: 2018 update
Publication Date: 02 May 2019
Source: Other sources
This report provides an update on the state of play regarding ‘green skills’ and ‘green jobs’ in six EU countries (Denmark, Germany, Spain, Estonia, France and the UK). It examines the major changes in green jobs and employment since 2010, and analyses the regulations and policies supporting green skills and employment, including the surrounding institutional set-up and the role played by social partners. It also highlights good practices, including green skill anticipation mechanisms, relevant vocational education and training and higher education, active labour market policies and retraining measures, and the role of the private sector.
Engaging employers in apprenticeship opportunities
Publication Date: 10 Jul 2017
Source: International organizations, ILO
This joint OECD-ILO publication provides guidance on how local and regional governments can foster business-education partnerships in apprenticeship programmes and other types of work-based learning, drawing on case studies across nine countries. There has been increasing interest in apprenticeships which combine on the job training with classroom-based study, providing a smooth transition from school to work. There are benefits to both individuals and employers from participating in apprenticeships, including increased productivity and job quality. Successful implementation is contingent on having a high level of employer engagement at the local level, notably in the design, development and delivery of programmes.

VET data report Germany 2015: Facts and analyses accompanying the Federal report on vocational education and training – Selected findings
Publication Date: 21 Oct 2016
Source: Governments
The development of the German vocational education and training system and more specifically of the dual system relies on regular data collection. Statistical analysis and surveys are continuously informing policy decisions and supporting practices. Traditional aspects of apprenticeship in terms of indicators on apprentices, companies or occupations are provided in this document. The report delivers in-depth data on matching relationship between training system and labour market needs and oversights on future shortages of skilled workers in Germany. It is also a selection of the most relevant and actual data on the German Vocational Education and Training system.
Blog: Digitalisation and the dual training system: can it prepare young apprentices for a digital world of work?
Date: 12 Apr 2021
Source: Other sources-Other

Many apprentices in companies belong to the generation of the so-called “digital natives”. They grew up with computers, smartphones and other digital devices and aren’t afraid of new digital technologies. Yet the fact that they are more digitally competent doesn’t mean they also have better math or reading skills than the previous generations of apprentices.

Some German companies have found a way to make use of the affinity of young apprentices for new digital technologies to improve the quality of their apprenticeship training. They do this by introducing E-learning tools that support their apprentices – often in a playful way – in subjects in which they need supplementary assistance. This helps guarantee that the apprentices can successfully follow training, both practical within companies as well as theoretical, within vocational schools. One prerequisite for this approach is that not only the apprentices, but also the in-company trainers are open to change and have the necessary competencies to make use of new digital tools.

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