Research brief: Lessons from the implementation of training and retraining programmes in response to the Great Recession
Publication Date: 03 Jul 2014
Source: ILO
This research brief examines what countries have learned from the implementation of training and retraining programmes as part of their recovery strategies in response to the global economic crisis of 2008–09. The brief summarizes the findings of studies of experience in nine countries – Belgium, Canada, Germany, Republic of Korea, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States (Hansen, 2012). The findings presented here show how training and retraining can form an integral part of effective crisis response strategies; although, in the absence of impact evaluations, these findings must be considered provisional, they nevertheless offer useful indications of the factors behind both success and difficulty in implementing such measures
Monitoring ECVET implementation strategies in Europe in 2013
Publication Date: 18 Mar 2014
Source: Other sources
The aim of the European credit system for vocational education and training (ECVET) is to allow individuals to gain a full vocational education and training (VET) qualification, or to update/upgrade their VET qualifications in a flexible way, by use of credits.

ECVET requires qualifications to be described in terms of learning outcomes that will be then defined as units that might translate into credits. Learning outcomes recognised in form of credits may be transferred between education and training institutions, whether in the same country or abroad, and accumulated towards achieving a full or a partial qualification. If the VET system allows it, learning acquired in non-formal and informal settings may be assessed and validated as credits to be used for transfer and accumulation purposes. In this context, ECVET is more likely to reach its full potential if linked to the European qualifications framework (EQF)/national qualifications framework (NQF) developments that support the description of qualifications in terms of learning outcomes, as well as with national arrangements and practices for validating non-formal and informal learning.

This report covers ECVET developments in 38 countries and regions up to September 2013; it is the fourth since 2010, when Cedefop started its regular ECVET analysis in relation to national VET reforms. The deadlines of the ECVET recommendation set 2013 as the year for ECVET’s gradual application to VET qualifications at all levels of the EQF, following more than three years of testing and development.
Skills development and training in SMEs
Publication Date: 09 Jul 2013
Source: International organizations
The report discusses the results of the OECD "Leveraging Training and Skills Development in SMEs" project which examines access to training by SMEs across seven regions in six OECD countries: New Zealand, Poland, Belgium, UK, Turkey and Canada. It looks at how both formal and alternative ways of training and skills development interact and identifies impacts at three levels: for the firm and employees; for the industry; and for the local area where the firm is located. The report pays special attention to the development of entrepreneurial skills and the emerging area of "green skills".
Preliminary assessment of training and retraining programmes implemented in response to the Great Recession
Publication Date: 26 Feb 2013
Source: ILO
This study carries out a preliminary assessment of the job training and retraining programmes implemented by a representative sample of crisis-affected countries. The review looks at how these programmes are re-connecting displaced workers and the long-term unemployed to the labour market, and how they help prepare workers for the types of jobs created by stimulus packages, including green jobs.

The findings of this paper are based on the analysis of real-time evidence drawn from rigorous reviews of programme implementation, if not yet impact assessments, carried out by national government agencies. Views from employer’s organizations, trade units, bilateral agencies, international organizations and academic institutions complement this analysis.

The review shows that in the midst of the economic crisis the operational factors contributing to an effective intervention depended on policy coordination, good communication among stakeholders, flexible training delivery mechanisms and institutional capabilities.