Document générique
The future of vocational education and training in Europe: volume 2
Date de publication: 22 août 2022
Source: Organisations internationales-European Center for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)

This study examines the way in which institutional arrangements for the delivery of IVET have changed in response to shifts in skills demand.

Although these arrangements vary across countries, it is possible to identify common trends over time, such as institutional hybridisation, the blurring of boundaries between IVET and general education. Despite this development, IVET has been able to retain a distinct identity, which is attractive to learners and has the support of key labour market actors. This reflects IVET’s adaptability and resilience in the face of change.

Building on a Europe-wide survey of VET providers and in-depth national case studies, the study delivers a timely update of, and insight into, the continually changing IVET landscape. Results show increasing similarities in how countries configure their IVET systems. This is evident in the broadening of IVET curricula, the prominence given to the work-based learning pathway, as well as the growing importance attached to local and regional autonomy.

Vocational education and training in Slovakia
Date de publication: 14 sept. 2016
Source: Autres sources
The Slovak economy is largely driven by manufacturing and could benefit from more diversification to make it less sensitive to economic shocks, encouraging innovation. Vocational education and training (VET) has traditionally played a strong role, responsible for around two-thirds of graduates at upper secondary level. But qualifications do not always match labour market needs. A ‘dual’ VET scheme was introduced in 2015/16 as one way to address mismatch. First results show greater involvement of employers in VET: it is now in their interest to attract learners and to deliver job-relevant training. The government also intends to promote VET at higher levels to make it more attractive. This publication aims to contribute to better understanding of VET in Slovakia, providing an insight into its main features and highlighting recent VET policy developments.
A routine transition? Causes and consequences of the changing content of jobs in Central and Eastern Europe
Date de publication: 13 juil. 2016
Source: Institutions académiques, Autres sources
This paper studies the shift from manual to cognitive work in 10 economies of Central and Eastern Europe. It highlights the growth in the non-routine cognitive component of jobs, but pay particular attention to the increase in routine cognitive tasks, a trend that is pronounced in the CEE economies but absent in the most advanced economies. It shows that workforce upgrading and structural change were the main factors behind the increase in all cognitive tasks, but that the growth in routine cognitive tasks is partly attributable to rising shares of routine-intensive occupations. It identifies two groups of workers whose jobs depend most on performing routine cognitive tasks: middle-skilled men in the manufacturing sectors and middle-skilled women in the service sectors, who jointly represent 33% of workers in CEE. It finds that robust employment and wage growth among routine cognitive workers has so far prevented job polarisation in CEE. However, the relative prices of routine cognitive tasks are already higher than those of other tasks. If the prices of routine cognitive tasks rise further while technological progress continues, routine intensive employment may gradually decline. It concludes with policy implications of the findings.
A skills beyond school review of the Slovak Republic
Date de publication: 25 févr. 2016
Source: Organisations internationales
Vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. How can employers and unions be engaged? How can work-based learning be used? How can teachers and trainers be effectively prepared? How should postsecondary programmes be structured? This country report looks at these and other questions and summarises the main features of the VET (Vocational Education and Training) system in the Slovak Republic setting out an assessment of its particular strengths and challenges.

DOI : 10.1787/9789264233348-en