Document générique
Working paper: How to strengthen informal apprenticeship systems for a better future of work? Lessons learned from comparative analysis of country cases.
Date de publication: 20 avril 2022
Source: OIT

This paper undertakes a meta study on informal apprenticeship in developing countries. It compares the findings of country-level research conducted by the ILO and others in the past 15 years to shed more light on apprenticeship systems in the informal economy. It discusses the features and practices of informal ap-prenticeship systems, their responsiveness to rights at work, and the effectiveness of such systems along criteria such as dropouts, training quality, and transitions to employment. The analysis is complemented by a selected number of country case studies that describe and assess the policies and programmes that were introduced during past years to strengthen and upgrade apprenticeship systems in the informal economy. The findings aim to improve understanding of this complex, heterogenous, yet self-sustained training system in the informal economy for evidence-based discussions and policy dialogue between ILO constituents and beyond.

Étude de cas: Mise à jour des connaissances sur l’apprentissage professionnel dans l’économie informelle au Bénin
Date de publication: 13 juil. 2021
Source: OIT
Au Bénin, l’accès au dispositif d’ETFP est conditionné par l’achèvement de la classe de cinquième, à savoir
l’accomplissement de neuf années de scolarité. Pourtant le nombre médian d’années de scolarité des 5-17 ans est
de quatre ans. Cela a pour conséquence de n’avoir dans l’ETFP que 5 pour cent des jeunes en âge de secondaire,
soit environ 50 000 jeunes.
Case Study: Update on improving apprenticeship in the informal economy in Benin
Date de publication: 13 juil. 2021
Source: OIT
In Benin, access to formal technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is conditional on finishing
the second year of secondary school, equivalent to completing nine years of education. However, among 5- to
17-year-olds, the median years in education is four. As a result, only 5 per cent of secondary age youth are in TVET,
totalling around 50,000 young people.
Study on quality apprenticeships in five West Africa countries: Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger and Togo
Date de publication: 11 nov. 2020
Source: OIT
The “Support for the Global Initiative for Decent Jobs for Youth in the Sahel region” project aims to support countries in the design and implementation of a national framework and initiatives to promote quality apprenticeships. In this context, five case studies in the five West African countries (Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Niger and Togo) were carried out to analyze their professional apprenticeship systems and to propose recommendations for a transition to quality apprenticeships¡ as defined by the ILO.

In view of the strengths of the different apprenticeship systems, on the one hand, and the challenges, on the other, specific national recommendations were developed. For each country, these recommendations provide measures to improve traditional (informal) apprenticeships and to execute the transition from dual (formal) learning to quality apprenticeships as defined by the ILO.