This guide, which is a part of the ETF, ILO and Cedefop series of guides on skills anticipation and matching, covers the development and carrying out of establishment skills surveys. Such surveys are designed to generate data on employers’ skills needs and their human capital development strategies. If done regularly, the surveys help to analyse the trend in skills needs and identify potential skills bottlenecks. Survey results can be used in designing and improving training provision, career guidance, skills development policy evaluation, and reshaping business strategies for human resource management and development. The audience for this guide is mainly those who make decisions about undertaking surveys and oversee their implementation (in ministries, human resource development agencies and other relevant bodies) and those directly involved in survey design and implementation, such as survey managers, data collectors and analysts.