The Future of Skills. Employment in 2030
Recent debates about the future of jobs have mainly focused on whether or not they are at risk of automation. Studies
have generally minimised the potential effects of automation on job creation, and have tended to ignore other relevant trends, including globalisation, population ageing, urbanisation, and the rise of the green economy.
This study uses a novel and comprehensive method to map out how employment is likely to change, and the implications for skills. It shows both what we can expect, and where we should be uncertain. It also shows likely dynamics in different parts of the labour market — from sectors like food and health to manufacturing. The study finds that education, health care, and wider public sector occupations are likely to grow. It also explains why some low-skilled jobs, in fields like construction and agriculture, are less likely to suffer poor labour market outcomes than has been assumed in the past.