Strengthening the ability of workers to adapt to changing market demands and to benefit from innovation and investments in new technologies, clean energy, the environment, health and infrastructure enables countries to be more competitive in the global economy and better respond to rising challenges in the labour market. Yet stepping up investments in skills to meet current needs and to better respond to global trends that affect all regions requires a reform in training policies, institutions and methods.
In tackling today’s global youth employment crisis - characterized by high levels of unemployment and poor quality, low paying jobs – technical vocational education and training (TVET) can help minimize skills mismatches that disproportionately affect young people in developing countries. Moreover, orienting TVET toward the world of work can help smooth the transition from education to employment.
Making quality training opportunities available to all, in particular young people, helps to support sustainable development and decent work. (SDGs 4 and 8).
Considering the role of TVET in improving the employment prospects of young women and men, and in minimizing current and future skills gaps, this E-Discussion will focus on vocational education.
We encourage you to read the Guidance Note below for information on the discussion topic.
Week two questions:
5. What are key factors that will determine the nature and types of skills needed in the future and how can TVET systems improve their responsiveness to changes in skills demands?
6. To what extent are the operations of the TVET institutions in your country informed by regular and ongoing assessment of labour market trends and industry developments?
7. What role do public-private partnerships play in ensuring that formal training is more responsive to the needs of individual workers and employers?
8. Existing research shows that adapting to technology/automation is one of the key driving forces impacting employment and skills. What are the most critical reforms needed for TVET policy and systems to enable countries to respond to an era of higher technology?
9. What changes are needed in order for TVET systems to better promote more inclusive and sustainable growth?