The Russian Federation launched a military offensive against Ukraine on 24 February 2022. In three weeks, more than 3.2 million refugees have been forced to flee Ukraine, while an additional 6.5 million people have been displaced internally within the country. Over 12 million people have been affected in the areas hardest hit by the war within Ukraine. Humanitarian needs are increasing exponentially (UNHCR, 2022).
Host countries need to adopt adequate measures in order to integrate displaced people in their new society, which is important regardless of how long refugees prefer to stay. The EU has therefore decided to apply the so-called ‘Temporary Protection’, which establishes a quicker registration process and vital support through all areas of life.
Additionally, speaking of the context of work, refugees need their academic qualifications recognized so that they can find employment abroad that corresponds to their skills more easily. Educational certificates are necessary to ensure that refugess can, continue learning at the right level, and ensure that any further qualifications earned in the host country are accepted when they return to Ukraine.
Recognition of prior learning can be an asset for refugees to continue their higher education studies more swiftly or enter the job market in the host region more easily. However, its advantages cannot be realized if the learning and qualifications achieved before moving are not recognized elsewhere. Refugees and destination countries can reap the full benefits of mobility only if host regions are taking steps to improve the process through which qualifications and prior learning are recognized, validated and accredited.
ILO evidence convincingly demonstrates the positive impact of recognition of skills and qualifications to address various labour market challenges and to bring substantial benefits for individuals, employers and national economies (Braňka, 2016).
You are a development practitioner: Please find all the resources you need under our “knowledge products” section below.
You are a student: Recognition of prior learning (RPL) provides an opportunity for you to identify your learning, have it assessed and formally acknowledged. The process involves the identification, mediation, assessment and acknowledgement of knowledge and skills obtained through informal and non-formal learning. Learn more in the Q&A (coming soon).
You are an employment services provider: Given your key role as a bridge between employers and workers, you can help address some of these challenges. If you are mandated to open service lines for refugees, you can provide labour market services including support for the validation and certification of the competencies and skills acquired formally, non-formally or informally. For further information on the recognition of skills, consult the ILO Guide specifically for employment services providers.