Generic document
A market systems approach to skills development
Publication Date: 25 Jul 2022
Source: ILO
Enterprises can drive business success and support inclusive economic growth by making investments into educating, training and reskilling of workers. Workers also face an imperative to proactively upgrade their skills or acquire new ones through training, education, and lifelong learning to remain employable, especially in the face of rapid transformation brought about by advances in automation and digitalisation.

A market systems approach to skills development has the potential to lead to more sustainable employment outcomes at scale, by taking a holistic approach to addressing both supply- and demand-side factors, as well as tackling the cost of skills development programmes and strengthening the link between market needs and the important role of regulation and standards.

Drawing on three case studies, this paper explores how a market systems development (MSD) approach to skills development can lead to employment outcomes and foster sustainable impact through systemic change that is owned, maintained, and further evolved by local stakeholders.
Project documentation
STEP Skills Measurement Employer Survey 2015-2016
Publication Date: 06 Sep 2021
Source: International organizations-World Bank
The STEP (Skills Toward Employment and Productivity) Measurement program is the first ever initiative to generate internationally comparable data on skills available in developing countries. The program implements standardized surveys to gather information on the supply and distribution of skills and the demand for skills in labor market of low-income countries.

The uniquely designed modules in the Employer Survey aim to assess the structure of the labor force; the skills (cognitive skills, behavior and personality traits, and job-relevant skills) currently being used; the skills that employers look for when hiring new workers; the propensity of firms to provide training (including satisfaction with education, training, and levels of specific skills) and the link between skills and compensation and promotion. The survey also captures background characteristics (size, legal form, industry, full time vs. non-standard employment and occupational breakdown), performance (revenues, wages and other costs, profits and scope of market), key labor market challenges and their ranking relative to other challenges, and job skill requirements of the firms being interviewed.
Skills mismatch measurement in ETF partner countries
Publication Date: 11 Jun 2020
Source: TVET institutions
Matching skills supply and demand is a major challenge for many countries around the world. In 2017-18 the ETF carried out a project on skills mismatch measurement in seven countries – Egypt, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, North Macedonia and Serbia – to better understand the nature and incidence of this complex phenomenon. Based on the findings of the country analyses, this report describes and interprets a series of indicators and the way they are interrelated, and provides information on the methodology and data sources used to measure skills mismatch.