Russian Federation

Project documentation
Key results: Applying the G20 Training Strategy: A Partnership of the ILO and the Russian Federation (Phase 2)
Publication Date: 24 Jul 2021
Source: ILO
The Project aimed to assist developing and middle-income countries to assess their skills development needs and support the capacity development of national stakeholders to critically analyze, design, update and adapt national and sectoral skills development systems to find country-specific solutions to improve employability and promote decent employment opportunities for all.
Boosting productivity in Russia: Skills, education and innovation
Publication Date: 10 Jun 2016
Source: International organizations
The labour market in Russia is very flexible. Firms adjust to economic shocks through wage cuts, working hour reductions and minimisation of non-wage labour costs. Workers react by changing jobs. This results in a high and stable overall employment rate, but also high wage inequality, informality and labour turnover, which limits incentives for firms to invest in human capital and productivity improvements. While educational attainment is very high, the education system needs to be strengthened to respond to the needs of a skill-based economy. School-employer cooperation is low and opportunities for higher education are unequally distributed. Adequate funding for education institutions is not assured everywhere while inefficiencies persist.

Private spending on innovation is very low and Russia underperforms in terms of scientific outputs and patents. Support for low-tech innovation and technology adoption, especially among SMEs is narrow because of a bias towards large and high-tech projects, which however are only loosely related to Russian manufacturing capacity. Reform of the public R&D sector is incomplete, notably with respect to strengthening funding on a competitive basis.

This Working Paper relates to the '2014 Economic Survey of the Russian Federation'.

DOI: 10.1787/5js4w26114r2-en
Youth and employment among the BRICS
Publication Date: 11 May 2016
Source: Other sources, International organizations
This report is dedicated to the analysis of the usage of social programmes to promote youth employment in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries. The special issue commences with a comparative article, followed by an article by UNICEF on adolescence. The issue then proceeds to introduce specific sections dedicated to each BRICS country. The opening articles of each section provide a general overview of social programmes and the creation of jobs for young people, while the closing articles from each section provide studies focused on the promotion of youth employment through more specific social programmes.
Promoting youth employment in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Publication Date: 28 Apr 2016
Source: ILO
The youth employment crisis presents a major challenge for the future of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries. At the same time, workers are experiencing a lack of decent work and face long-term social exclusion. Aggravated by the global economic and financial crisis in the labour markets of CIS, the unemployment rate is projected to remain at just over 18 per cent until 2018.

The situation requires governments, employers and workers to promote, create and maintain decent and productive jobs. In the resolution 'The youth employment crisis: A call for action', adopted by the International Labour Conference in 2012, representatives of the Governments, employers and workers of 185 countries, called for urgent and immediate action to reverse the youth employment crisis. This note presents the results of that initiative.