North Macedonia

Project documentation
SABER Workforce Development Macedonia, FYR Country Report 2014
Publication Date: 10 Sep 2021
Source: International organizations-World Bank
Since FYR Macedonia’s independence in 1991, a number of reforms have been carried out in the
country aimed at the development of the economy and the labor force. These reforms have intensified
in the last seven years and include strong advocacy for workforce development (WfD); the
development of a systematic approach to gathering and using skills demands information to inform
policy. The latter approach has sought to strengthen the role of stakeholders in the process
of designing and adopting strategies and policies for WfD. However, social dialogue, regulated by laws
and programs, is still not yielding the desired results in practice.  
A number of sectoral strategies for economic development that contain a reference to WfD have
been adopted, including strategies for industrial development, development of agriculture, tourism,
innovation, SMEs, and vocational education and training. These strategies have been accompanied
by reforms in the respective areas and sectors. With a view to improving the quality of labor market
supply, compulsory education was extended to 13 years, encompassing elementary education, lower
secondary, and upper secondary education, with the intention of increasing the share of the
workforce that possessed higher qualifications. Two institutions were established: one supporting
vocational education (Centre for VET) and one supporting adult education (Centre for Adult
Education). Along with the increased investments in the infrastructure of VET education, these measures
are expected to strengthen the system for WfD.
Skills mismatch measurement in ETF partner countries
Publication Date: 11 Jun 2020
Source: TVET institutions
Matching skills supply and demand is a major challenge for many countries around the world. In 2017-18 the ETF carried out a project on skills mismatch measurement in seven countries – Egypt, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, North Macedonia and Serbia – to better understand the nature and incidence of this complex phenomenon. Based on the findings of the country analyses, this report describes and interprets a series of indicators and the way they are interrelated, and provides information on the methodology and data sources used to measure skills mismatch.
Education, skills, and labor market outcomes: Results from large-scale adult skills surveys in urban areas in 12 countries
Publication Date: 16 May 2016
Source: International organizations
The Skills Towards Employability and Productivity (STEP) skills measurement program is part of the World Bank’s portfolio of analytical products on skills. The STEP program consists of two survey instruments that collect information on the supply and demand for skills in urban areas: a household survey and an employer survey. Because it provides a set of core questionnaires and implementation materials, the STEP program not only offers information that can be used for country-level policy analysis but also builds comparable country databases on skills. STEP has been implemented in waves, the first surveys being implemented in seven countries in 2012 (Bolivia, Colombia, Ghana, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic (PDR), Ukraine, Vietnam, and the Yunnan Province in China), and the second in five countries in 2013 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kenya, and Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of (FYR)). The data presented in this publication correspond to these countries. It illustrates the similarities and differences among groups that have completed different education levels on a wide range of issues and outcomes.
Developing skills for employability with German partners: 8 success stories from the medical and geriatric care sector
Publication Date: 20 Apr 2016
Source: Other sources
Germany’s success in the healthcare sector is reinforced by its training expertise. 'Training – Made in Germany' offers the necessary know-how to meet the challenge in the field of vocational education and training. Germany has a long-standing tradition in this field and enjoys a high reputation for the demand-driven and practical orientation of its qualification programmes. The integration of professional, social and methodological competencies characterises the kind of knowledge German partners can provide. This document presents eight success stories of skill development in the health and geriatric care sector, realised in a joint effort by German and international partners.