In 2018, the government of Lebanon launched the TVET National Strategic Framework (NSF 2018-2022) with the support of ILO and UNICEF as its commitment to promote TVET that provides youth, workers and employees with the competencies and skills required to respond to the needs of the labour market and consequently to access decent work and allow businesses to recruit the workforce they need for growth.

The socioeconomic situation in Lebanon has rapidly deteriorated since the launch of the NSF as a result of the multifaceted crisis in the country since October 2019: i) the worse economic and financial crisis in decades, ii) COVID-19 pandemic, and iii) explosion in Beirut harbour. Even before the economic crisis, youth unemployment rate was as high as 23.3 per cent. Lebanon’s large Syrian refugee population in particular suffers alarmingly high levels of unemployment and vulnerability, with 67 per cent Syrian refugee youth neither employed, nor in education or training.

Despite the government introducing some reforms, the TVET system is still immobilized by many obstacles. The governance structure is yet to be adequately effective due to significant shortage in its administrative cadres, adding to the lack of inter and intra-institutional coordination and missing systematic engagement of social partners and private sector in skills delivery. The scarcity of accurate and reliable data and information on the current and future needs of the labour market impedes TVET training in adapting programmes to address these needs. The scarce resources allocated to the different institutions involved in TVET are neither sufficient nor adequately directed towards key areas, negatively affecting the provision and quality of training. Most curricula remain outdated, while infrastructure, such as job-related equipment and learning materials, is weak. Shortage of qualified trainers and teachers compounds the poor quality of the TVET system. The system also suffers from a constrained access to TVET for vulnerable people, such as those with disabilities or a migrant background, while gender-specific issues are sometimes not sufficiently tackled to improve equality across the different TVET programmes.
Quality assurance and accreditation in technical and vocational education and training in Lebanon
Publication Date: 23 Oct 2021
Source: ILO
This report analyses quality assurance and accreditation mechanisms in Lebanon in light of regional and global best practices to inform efforts towards the development of a national quality assurance framework.
Call for Expression of Interest in professional training in Career Guidance
Publication Date: 06 Oct 2021
Source: Academic institutions-University of Malta

On-line, part-time Master in Lifelong Career Guidance specifically for the MENA region


Career guidance (or ‘vocational guidance’) has been adopted in several countries in the world because it:

  • helps young people and adults choose their educational and employment pathways more wisely;
  • leads to appropriate choices that ensure more motivated students and more productive and satisfied workers;
  • facilitates a better match between the demand and supply of skills.


Career guidance services are greatly needed in the MENA region. They can be part of the strategy to address the twin challenge of high youth and adult unemployment on the one hand, and skills gaps on the other. They can also foster social inclusion through giving access to a livelihood.


The University of Malta – with the expert support of the European Training Foundation (ETF), the International Labour Organization (ILO), and the UNESCO-UNITWIN Network – has issued a Call for the Expression of Interest for those who would like to receive professional training in career guidance.


The Master course is designed in such a way as to

  • take into account the economic, labour market, educational and cultural realities of the MENA region;
  • provide participants with the interdisciplinary theoretical background and practical experience needed in order to design, deliver, and evaluate lifelong career guidance services;
  • promote regional expertise in policy development, systems-building, and practitioner competence. 


Individuals as well as public and private entities interested in the Masters can



Scholarships, in the form of partial fee waivers, are being offered by the University of Malta to deserving applicants.

National Strategic Framework for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) 2018–2022
Publication Date: 05 Oct 2021
Source: Governments-Government of Lebanon

In 2018, the government of Lebanon launched the National Strategic Framework for Technical and Vocational Training (NSF 2018-2022) with the support of UNICEF and ILO, which aims to expand access to TVET, enhance its quality and relevance, and improve TVET governance. 

The NSF introduced strategic priorities for the reform of the TVET sector over the 5 years (2018-2022) reflected in 8 building blocks: i) inclusiveness of the TVET system, ii) improved HR management system, iii) National Qualification System centred on a competency-based approach, iv) functional quality assurance system, v) mainstreaming life skills and entrepreneurship education, vi) provision of up-to-date job-related equipment and materials, vii) involvement of employers’ and workers’ representatives, and viii) diversified financing framework.
Enhancing Institutionalized Partnerships between TVET
Publication Date: 05 Oct 2021
Source: International organizations-UNESCO
This report examines partnerships between Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Institutions and the world of work in Lebanon. It aims to provide a detailed overview and analysis of the status-quo of the partnerships and collaboration between TVET institutions and the world of work represented mainly by the private sector in Lebanon. It focuses on scrutinizing the national context, including the economic, demographic and social perspectives in Lebanon, followed by an overview of PPP in general outlining related legislations, regulations and policies, then it takes a closer view to the nature and extent of PPP in TVET. Afterwards, the report addresses challenges and key constraints facing the implementation of PPP in Lebanon and comparing local initiatives with regional and international ones. Finally, the report summarizes the key findings and recommendations concluding with a proposed comprehensive PPP model in TVET in Lebanon.