In 2018, the government of Lebanon launched the TVET National Strategic Framework (NSF 2018-2022) with the support of ILO and UNICEF as its commitment to promote TVET that provides youth, workers and employees with the competencies and skills required to respond to the needs of the labour market and consequently to access decent work and allow businesses to recruit the workforce they need for growth.

The socioeconomic situation in Lebanon has rapidly deteriorated since the launch of the NSF as a result of the multifaceted crisis in the country since October 2019: i) the worse economic and financial crisis in decades, ii) COVID-19 pandemic, and iii) explosion in Beirut harbour. Even before the economic crisis, youth unemployment rate was as high as 23.3 per cent. Lebanon’s large Syrian refugee population in particular suffers alarmingly high levels of unemployment and vulnerability, with 67 per cent Syrian refugee youth neither employed, nor in education or training.

Despite the government introducing some reforms, the TVET system is still immobilized by many obstacles. The governance structure is yet to be adequately effective due to significant shortage in its administrative cadres, adding to the lack of inter and intra-institutional coordination and missing systematic engagement of social partners and private sector in skills delivery. The scarcity of accurate and reliable data and information on the current and future needs of the labour market impedes TVET training in adapting programmes to address these needs. The scarce resources allocated to the different institutions involved in TVET are neither sufficient nor adequately directed towards key areas, negatively affecting the provision and quality of training. Most curricula remain outdated, while infrastructure, such as job-related equipment and learning materials, is weak. Shortage of qualified trainers and teachers compounds the poor quality of the TVET system. The system also suffers from a constrained access to TVET for vulnerable people, such as those with disabilities or a migrant background, while gender-specific issues are sometimes not sufficiently tackled to improve equality across the different TVET programmes.
Publication
Living with disabilities in Lebanon
Publication Date: 20 Feb 2024
Source: ILO
This publication presents a study on the life situation, basic needs, and access to social protection and employment of individuals with disabilities in Lebanon, focusing on severe disabilities. Data from the Labour Force and Household Living Conditions Survey (LFHLCS) and the Disability and Health Survey conducted by Fundación Promoción Social (FPS) were analyzed. The study reveals that individuals with severe disabilities face socioeconomic challenges, including difficulty meeting basic needs, lower income levels, and limited access to social protection and employment. The report establishes a baseline from 2019, providing valuable insights for future research on the impact of crises, such as currency depreciation, political and economic instability, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the Port of Beirut explosion, on vulnerable individuals with disabilities. The study uses 2019 data, with income figures reported in Lebanese pounds (lira or LBP) based on the official exchange rate at that time.
Publication
Review of national policy, legislative and regulatory frameworks and practice
Publication Date: 20 Feb 2024
Source: ILO
Through PROSPECTS programme, the ILO has undertaken a national policy, legislative and regulatory frameworks and practice review. This review includes an analysis of current legislation, policies and regulatory frameworks, and how their implementation works in practice across the eight PROSPECTS countries to support the governments in policy, legislation, regulatory development and/or reform as appropriate.

Through this review, the ILO seeks to explore further opportunities to strengthen policy, legislative and institutional environments and mechanisms, working closely with host governments and other national actors and partners.

By providing a comprehensive and robust picture of the situation on the ground, the report offers actionable areas of intervention to support policy development, reform and implementation capacity of the host governments, other national and local actors, including the social partners, to enhance inclusion and protection.
Generic document
Skills Development for Inclusive Growth in the Lebanese Agriculture Sector - Policy Brief
Publication Date: 04 Oct 2022
Source: ILO
This brief examines key factors that influence the labour market demand and supply of skills, while providing an assessment of specific skills in demand, based on the ILO’s study of supply and demand in the agriculture sector in 2018. The brief also looks at key measures to be considered by the Ministry of Agriculture and other stakeholders to promote a market responsive technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system.
Generic document
Enhance the Capacity of the Ministry of Agriculture for Evidence Based Planning Through Pilot Tracer Studies
Publication Date: 04 Oct 2022
Source: ILO
This tracer study targeting a number of agriculture graduates from Agriculture Baccalaureate Technique and short-term courses is a result of a joint effort of a number of organizations. It was conducted as part of the project “Upgrading the technical agriculture education system in Lebanon”, led by FAO with funding from the Kingdom of the Netherlands and implemented in partnership with the International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and AVSI, to help the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) increase the market relevance of its training programmes.

The study was conducted by the Consultation and Research Institute and ILO with the extensive support of the Ministry of Agriculture, AVSI and FAO. It benefited from technical review and inputs by Leon Gaskin, Chief Technical Advisor, Patrick Daru, Senior Skills and Employability Specialist at ILO-ROAS, Rania Hokayem, ILO National TVET Programme Coordinator, and Serajul Islam, Skills Development Officer at ILO, Fatima Halbawi, head of Education and Extension Services at Ministry of Agriculture. It was also reviewed by Sonia el Abiad, director of directorate of studies and coordination at the Ministry of Agriculture, Hayfa Jaafar, head of education and training department and Dr Salem Darwish, Minister of Agriculture Advisor.