In 2018, the government of Lebanon launched the TVET National Strategic Framework (NSF 2018-2022) with the support of ILO and UNICEF as its commitment to promote TVET that provides youth, workers and employees with the competencies and skills required to respond to the needs of the labour market and consequently to access decent work and allow businesses to recruit the workforce they need for growth.
The socioeconomic situation in Lebanon has rapidly deteriorated since the launch of the NSF as a result of the multifaceted crisis in the country since October 2019: i) the worse economic and financial crisis in decades, ii) COVID-19 pandemic, and iii) explosion in Beirut harbour. Even before the economic crisis, youth unemployment rate was as high as 23.3 per cent. Lebanon’s large Syrian refugee population in particular suffers alarmingly high levels of unemployment and vulnerability, with 67 per cent Syrian refugee youth neither employed, nor in education or training.Despite the government introducing some reforms, the TVET system is still immobilized by many obstacles. The governance structure is yet to be adequately effective due to significant shortage in its administrative cadres, adding to the lack of inter and intra-institutional coordination and missing systematic engagement of social partners and private sector in skills delivery. The scarcity of accurate and reliable data and information on the current and future needs of the labour market impedes TVET training in adapting programmes to address these needs. The scarce resources allocated to the different institutions involved in TVET are neither sufficient nor adequately directed towards key areas, negatively affecting the provision and quality of training. Most curricula remain outdated, while infrastructure, such as job-related equipment and learning materials, is weak. Shortage of qualified trainers and teachers compounds the poor quality of the TVET system. The system also suffers from a constrained access to TVET for vulnerable people, such as those with disabilities or a migrant background, while gender-specific issues are sometimes not sufficiently tackled to improve equality across the different TVET programmes.