Over the past 15 years, Ethiopia has been among the fastest growing countries in the world at an average of 10 percent per year (World Bank, 2021). However, the economic growth has not been job rich and the labour market has not been able to absorb the new labour force entrants entering the labour market. Consequently, the urban unemployment rate is high, in which the youth and female are the most affected. There seem to be a mismatch between the labour market demand and supply in terms of skills and knowledge of the new graduates. Unemployment is one of the main driving force for youth to look for work beyond the local labour market (ILO, 2020). 

In the given socio-economic context, if Ethiopia becomes a middle-income country by 2025 as stated in the Growth and Transformation Plans (GTP II 2015–2020), its economy will have to become more diversified, therefore having strong implications for the education and training system. 

Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is a key pillar of the Government´s efforts to strengthen the education and training system. The Ethiopian National Employment Policy and Strategy highlights the importance of improving the quality of general education and TVET to reduce the number of working poor. Moreover, Ethiopia’s latest TVET strategy focuses on: 

  • Improving access to TVET; 
  • Strengthening outcome-based training through an integrated, yet decentralized, and result-oriented system; 
  • Improving quality assurance and skills assessment; 
  • Improving the quality and relevance of training programmes;  
  • Strengthening the employment of TVET graduates; 
  • Intensifying support to micro and small enterprises (MSEs). 

Generic document
Skills and labour market transitions for refugees and host communities
Publication Date: 17 May 2022
Source: Bilateral organizations-United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), International Labour Organization (ILO), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and Finn Church Aid (FCA), ILO

This study is a joint collaboration of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), International Labour Organization (ILO), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and Finn Church Aid (FCA) to identify good practices related to access to Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programmes for refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs), as well as their host communities, and their transition to the labour market.

The study reviews TVET systems and programmes implemented by national ministries, private sector actors, development agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) across five countries - Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda – prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has created additional challenges for the livelihoods and inclusion of forcibly displaced people around the world.

Generic document
Textile & Garments Sector Skills Committee: Operational guide
Publication Date: 09 Dec 2021
Source: ILO
A key driver of current efforts to reform technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Ethiopia is the need to strengthen linkages between industry and the national training system.

The ILO Skill-UP Ethiopia Project is partnering with the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the Textile and Garments sector to improve productivity through skills development and to strengthen the quality and relevance of training for priority occupations in the sector. The four key goals are:
  • Reduce skills gaps and shortages
  • Improve productivity
  • Increase opportunities for all individuals in the workforce
  • Improve learning supply
There is common agreement that clear multi-stakeholder governance arrangements, such as Sector Skills Committees lead to better coordination, dialogue and active engagement strategies, which enhances the relevance of skills development systems and underpin economic growth in the sector.

Semi-government and non-government organizations, such as, Sector Skills Committees, partner with government to achieve mutually beneficial national goals. These new types of partnerships, brought about by the coming together of government and the private sector leads to new forms of training and ultimately higher quality employment outcomes.

This operational guide should be read in conjunction with, and forms part of, the Sector Skills Committee Governance and Operational Guide.
Generic document
Agro-Processing Sector Skills Committee: Operational Guide
Publication Date: 09 Dec 2021
Source: ILO
A key driver of current efforts to reform technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Ethiopia is the need to strengthen linkages between industry and the national training system.

The ILO Skill-UP Ethiopia Project is partnering with the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the Agro-Processing sector to improve productivity through skills development and to strengthen the quality and relevance of training for priority occupations in the sector. The four key goals are:
  • Reduce skills gaps and shortages
  • Improve productivity
  • Increase opportunities for all individuals in the workforce
  • Improve learning supply
There is common agreement that clear multi-stakeholder governance arrangements, such as Sector Skills Committees lead to better coordination, dialogue and active engagement strategies, which enhances the relevance of skills development systems and underpin economic growth in the sector.

Semi-government and non-government organisations, such as, Sector Skills Committees, partner with government to achieve mutually beneficial national goals. These new types of partnerships, brought about by the coming together of government and the private sector leads to new forms of training and ultimately higher quality employment outcomes.

This operational guide should be read in conjunction with, and forms part of, the Sector Skills Committee Governance and Operational Guide.
Publication
Digitalization in teaching and education in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda and the United Republic of Tanzania
Publication Date: 27 Apr 2021
Source: ILO

The first set of studies was launched in February 2020 to capture the changes taking place in the education sector in relation to digitalization, including challenges, best practices and the impacts on the teaching profession. The declaration of the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic in March 2020 resulted in calls for the rapid and widespread uptake of technology in the delivery of education. With education systems accelerating efforts in response to the crisis, in August 2020, follow-up studies were launched in the countries to document these efforts and the implications for the teaching profession, as well as long-term strategies and plans.

Event
ILO Inter-regional workshop on enhancing youth employability and easing labour market transitions
Date: 18 - 20 May 2016
Sources: ILO

The Youth Employment Programme and Skills and Employability Branch are organizing a regional workshop on the theme of enhancing youth employability and easing labour market transitions. This three-day interregional event is part of a series of ‘What Works in Youth Employment’ Knowledge Sharing Events to facilitate learning and dialogue through evidence-based ‘good practices’.

The objective of the workshop is to bring together stakeholders (including our tripartite constituents) from nine African countries (Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, and Zambia) in an interactive forum for exchange and peer learning with guidance from technical experts on effective, replicable and scalable supply side initiatives that address employability, skills demand, anticipation of skills needs and the bridges between supply and demand. A report based on exchanges and lessons learned during the workshop will be produced.

Event
ILO Inter-regional workshop on enhancing youth employability and easing labour market transitions
Date: 18 - 20 May 2016
Sources: ILO

The Youth Employment Programme and Skills and Employability Branch are organizing a regional workshop on the theme of enhancing youth employability and easing labour market transitions. This three-day interregional event is part of a series of ‘What Works in Youth Employment’ Knowledge Sharing Events to facilitate learning and dialogue through evidence-based ‘good practices’.

The objective of the workshop is to bring together stakeholders (including our tripartite constituents) from nine African countries (Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, and Zambia) in an interactive forum for exchange and peer learning with guidance from technical experts on effective, replicable and scalable supply side initiatives that address employability, skills demand, anticipation of skills needs and the bridges between supply and demand. A report based on exchanges and lessons learned during the workshop will be produced.

Event
ILO Inter-regional workshop on enhancing youth employability and easing labour market transitions
Date: 18 - 20 May 2016
Sources: ILO

The Youth Employment Programme and Skills and Employability Branch are organizing a regional workshop on the theme of enhancing youth employability and easing labour market transitions. This three-day interregional event is part of a series of ‘What Works in Youth Employment’ Knowledge Sharing Events to facilitate learning and dialogue through evidence-based ‘good practices’.

The objective of the workshop is to bring together stakeholders (including our tripartite constituents) from nine African countries (Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, and Zambia) in an interactive forum for exchange and peer learning with guidance from technical experts on effective, replicable and scalable supply side initiatives that address employability, skills demand, anticipation of skills needs and the bridges between supply and demand. A report based on exchanges and lessons learned during the workshop will be produced.