Bosnia and Herzegovina

One of the most challenging labour markets in the region
Although the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been expanding steadily in the past few years, job creation has not kept up and the country shows one of the most challenging labour market situations in the region. Employment rates remain low (46% for age 15-64, 2019). Unemployment is high despite a downward trend in recent years (16% in 2020), especially among youth (34 % in 2019). The country has one of the lowest female employment rates in the Balkans (around 35%, age 15-64, 2019). The share of informal employment in total employment is relatively high (30%). The outward migration coupled with a rapidly aging population put a strain on the social security systems, challenging their sustainability over the long-term.

The Covid-19 pandemic has exacerbated the labour market challenges in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ILO’s and EBRD’s joint assessment  shows that the decline in working hours caused by the pandemic during the third quarter of 2020 is equivalent to the loss of 170,000 full-time jobs. The losses of working hours are considerably higher than in other Western Balkan economies. The study identifies 14 sectors of the economy in which workers and enterprises are severely affected by the crisis. Over 245,000 jobs are at immediate risk as the health crisis persists.

ILO interventions in BiH
Currently, ILO supports Bosnia and Herzegovina in two areas:


Presentation
Djevojčice u tehničkim zanimanjima – CNC operaterka
Publication Date: 09 May 2022
Source: ILO

ILO has cooperated with Smart Lab, a Sarajevo-based company specialized in E-Learning products, within the frame of the project ‘Reimagining Education for Marginalized Girls and Boys during and post COVID-19’. This framework project involved many UN partners, like UNESCO, UNICEF and UN Volunteers. One of its results are 3 career orientation videos of a technical occupation. Each video features a young woman working in the respective position, who explains her professional activities and experiences. Young girls, who consider starting TVET are very much the target group of the orientational videos. They often face more difficulties or obstacles in entering TVET, which leads to underrepresentation. Encouraging female students and showing role-models eventually lead to a more balanced gender ratio and free individual career choice.

This video introduces the occupation CNC Operator.

Presentation
Djevojčice u tehničkim zanimanjima – Mehatronika
Publication Date: 09 May 2022
Source: ILO

ILO has cooperated with Smart Lab, a Sarajevo-based company specialized in E-Learning products, within the frame of the project ‘Reimagining Education for Marginalized Girls and Boys during and post COVID-19’. This framework project involved many UN partners, like UNESCO, UNICEF and UN Volunteers. One of its results are 3 career orientation videos of a technical occupation. Each video features a young woman working in the respective position, who explains her professional activities and experiences. Young girls, who consider starting TVET are very much the target group of the orientational videos. They often face more difficulties or obstacles in entering TVET, which leads to underrepresentation. Encouraging female students and showing role-models eventually lead to a more balanced gender ratio and free individual career choice.

This video introduces the occupation Mechatronician.

Presentation
Djevojčice u tehničkim zanimanjima – Mašinski tehničar
Publication Date: 09 May 2022
Source: ILO

ILO has cooperated with Smart Lab, a Sarajevo-based company specialized in E-Learning products, within the frame of the project ‘Reimagining Education for Marginalized Girls and Boys during and post COVID-19’. This framework project involved many UN partners, like UNESCO, UNICEF and UN Volunteers. One of its results are 3 career orientation videos of a technical occupation. Each video features a young woman working in the respective position, who explains her professional activities and experiences. Young girls, who consider starting TVET are very much the target group of the orientational videos. They often face more difficulties or obstacles in entering TVET, which leads to underrepresentation. Encouraging female students and showing role-models eventually lead to a more balanced gender ratio and free individual career choice.

This video introduces the occupation Machine Technician.

Project documentation
Jednostavni alati za kreiranje sadržaja za učenje na mreži
Publication Date: 09 May 2022
Source: ILO

ILO has cooperated with Smart Lab, a Sarajevo-based company specialized in E-Learning products, within the frame of the project ‘Reimagining Education for Marginalized Girls and Boys during and post COVID-19’. This framework project involved many UN partners, like UNESCO, UNICEF and UN Volunteers. One of its results are 7 short tutorial videos explaining and guiding through the production of E-Learning materials, multimedia training content, with a freely available or low-cost software. The URL directs to the first of the tutorials, which is part of a playlist, where all of them can be found. In these videos, people working at Smart Lab explain different steps in the creation of the E-Learning content in a way which is easy to follow. While the target group of these videos are teachers in TVET, the ultimate beneficiaries are TVET students, as their education will get more engaging and flexible.