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Standards, curriculum and learning resources

The standard or outcome-based approach to curriculum development is a worldwide trend which reflects a paradigm shift from input to outcome-based provision, from teaching to learning, from content to process focused/performance-oriented learning experience. In this new paradigm the learner is expected to demonstrate what he/she knows and is able to do against the standards established at national level. Adopting an outcome-based approach for curriculum development is an effective way to address potential mismatches between technical and vocational education and training (TVET) provision and the needs of the labour market; between irrelevant/ obsolete training programmes, and employers’ and learners’ needs and expectations.